When your baby won’t sleep it can be stressful, not to mention incredibly exhausting. We all know how important sleep is for our own wellbeing and your baby’s development, but sometimes your little bubba just won’t get with the programme. It may even leave you scratching your head thinking ‘what the hell am I doing wrong?’ - but we assure you, nothing! Every baby and parenting journey is completely unique and sleep coach and newborn care specialist for Koala & Joe, Emily Guiver, says there can many reasons why your baby won’t sleep.
“Biologically, babies and young children are designed to want to be near their main caregiver for all their essential needs such as safety, comfort and food,” she says. “Many little ones will cry and fuss when put down, but rest assured this is very normal! Being as responsive as possible, and comforting little ones when they need it builds connection and trust, which helps form secure attachments and therefore a more confident and emotionally resilient child.
“Other things that can potentially cause issues with settling to sleep can be undiagnosed feeding problems, environmental factors such as noise or light disturbing sleep, nutritional imbalances, health issues such as allergies or reflux, genetic factors, nap timings or length, teething and separation anxiety.”
How to help your baby get to sleep
Emily says the first thing to consider when looking at your baby’s sleep is whether your expectations are age-appropriate. “Sleep needs change rapidly in the first year and sometimes the easiest way to help is to watch your little one for sleepy signs, plus being mindful that you will gradually need to adjust the length of time between naps as they grow and are able to stay awake a little longer than before.”
Below are Emily’s recommendations to help your baby drift off:
• Ensure daytime naps are well spaced and not finishing too close to bedtime
• Have a simple bedtime routine that is predictable, consistent and not too long
• Create a calm, relaxing environment for sleep
• Keep the room cool and dark
• Be mindful your little one may need extra connection time with you before bed if they have been away from you in the daytime
• Use sensory cues such as diffusing lavender, using massage or stroking to soothe your little one and eye contact to reassure them
• Use a special sleep phrase to indicate it is sleep time
• Treat any wakes before 6am as a night wake - calm, quiet and low stimulation
Here are some other ways you can get your baby to sleep.
Where’s the best place for my baby to sleep?
Making sure your baby is dressedappropriately for bed and sleeping in the best environment, can also help with bedtime.
“The safest place for your baby to sleep is in their own crib or cot, on their back, with no positioners, nests, bumpers or wedges used,” says Emily. “It is always best to follow the advice from The Lullaby Trust on safe sleep. Under 6 months it is recommended for your baby to always sleep in the same room as you.
“However, some parents find co-sleeping with their little one gets everyone more sleep. It is safer to choose and plan to co-sleep than to unwittingly fall asleep while feeding or cuddling them on a sofa or sitting up in bed.
“During the day, you may find your little one likes to contact nap in your arms or in a sling, or sleep on the go, in the car or pram. This is normal too. After around six months you may like to encourage at least one daytime nap in their cot, but this isn’t essential unless it works well for you.”
How much sleep does a baby need?
“Sleep amounts vary hugely in the first year,” reassures Emily. “Newborn babies spend much more time asleep than awake and nap frequently throughout the day and night. They can sleep up to 18 hours in every 24!
“By three months your baby will likely have learnt the difference between night and day. They will usually sleep around 10-11hrs at night and up to 4-5hrs in the day spread over 3-4 naps.
“At six months you can expect your baby to sleep approximately 11hrs at night and 3-4hrs in the day spread over three naps. At a year, their daytime sleep will have dropped to around 2.5hrs in the day as they will usually now only be having two naps in the day - most commonly a short nap in the morning and a longer nap in the afternoon.
“However, it's important to remember that all babies are different and their exact sleep needs can vary - some have higher sleep needs and others much lower! It is helpful to look at total sleep over a 24hr period rather than focusing on set times and routines that don’t suit all little ones.”
Meet the expert: Emily Guiver is a gentle Sleep Coach and Newborn Care Specialist for Koala & Joe, a new nationwide marketplace connecting parents with trusted and verified experts. She is a Level 6 OCN accredited Paediatric Sleep Coach trained by the Holistic Sleep Coaching Programme and has 25 years’ experience working with parents and babies to help troubleshoot their sleep challenges and help them adjust to life with a new baby.