It’s hard to believe that your little one is now four months old, they’re starting to roll, hold up their own head and are well on their way to lots of exciting baby milestones like crawling and weaning.
Around 16 weeks is also the age your baby could be starting teething, and may experience a growth spurt. Here’s everything you need to know about this month of your baby’s development.
How much should a 4 month old baby sleep?
Around four months old your baby’s sleep pattern will start to mature, most babies this age should sleep 12–16 hours a day, which includes a longer stretch at night and at least two naps during the day.
The goal at four months old is about 3.5-4.5 hours of daytime sleep and 10-12 hours of night sleep. To optimise how much sleep your baby should have at this age, a good rule of thumb to stick to is that no nap should go longer than 2 hours, and wake windows should be around 90 to 120 minutes.
4 month old baby cognitive development
By now your baby will be showing increasing coordination between his hands and eye. They are able to recognise familiar faces, respond to affection, smile, and might even laugh. They'll begin to develop their talking skills, raising and lowering the pitch of their babbling as if in conversation. You can encourage your baby's talking skills by chatting to them, Libby Hill, a speech and language therapist says, "Engaging with your baby from birth has an invaluable impact on his speech development. Babies love to listen to your voice, so talk, sing and coo, making eye contact as you go."
Here are a few activities you can try to encourage your baby's speech development:
• Talk in a sing-song voice
• Hold your baby close and look at them while talking
• Chat about what you are doing
• Repeat the sounds your baby makes back to them
Remember, it doesn't matter what you talk about, and besides they'll love the attention! With your encouragement they may be saying their first words by five months old.
4 month old baby physical development
As your baby reaches four months and beyond, you'll find they get a lot more active. They'll get more confident at holding the weight of their head without support, will push themselves onto their elbows and might even roll over during tummy time (babies typically begin rolling over from their back and on to their front any time between four and five months). They may be reaching and touching their feet and might also push down on their legs when their feet are on a hard surface – clear indicators that they’re preparing themselves for crawling and walking.
4 month old activity ideas, play and development
In the video below infant and early childhood development specialist and mum of three Sophie Pickles explains how you can play and interact with your four month old baby to fuel their mental, physical and social development.
From how to encourage rolling and sitting up, using tummy time and lap rhymes to strengthen their core, to reading stories and reaching out to grab and hold objects, there are lots of fun ways to encourage your baby's development at this age.
"By putting objects near to your baby when they’re on their tummy or on their back, you will be able to encourage them to not only reach out and grab those objects but also pick them up and bring them closer to themselves," says Sophie. "You can also help them perfect that grabbing reflex by putting a toy in their hand for them to hold."
One of the best things to do at this age is to put your baby on their tummy in front of a mirror. "They will really enjoy looking at their reflection," explains Sophie, "although they won’t actually know its them! You can also get down on the floor with them and look into the mirror so they can see your face reflected back at them, you’re guaranteed to get lots of happy smiles!”
4 month old baby growth
By four months your baby will have doubled their birth weight. The average weight for a 4-month-old baby is 14.2 pounds for girls and 15.4 pounds for boys; the average length (aka height) is 24.4 inches for girls and 25.2 inches for boys. The 3 month or 4 month growth spurt can come on fast, is likely to be the biggest of the first year, and will cause your baby to be cranky, sleepy, and hungry, just like the first couple.
Feeding: Breastmilk is the only food your baby needs at this stage. At 4 months, babies usually take 4 to 6 ounces per feeding. You may also notice them teething at four months in preparation for solid foods. The most common signs of teething are drooling, flushed cheeks and red gums, a temperature, gnawing and chewing on things more, you may also notice them crying or rubbing their ear.
4 month old baby health
Teething: While teething can begin as early as 3 months, most likely you'll see the first tooth start pushing through your baby's gum line when your little one is between 4 and 7 months old. The first teeth to appear usually are the two bottom front teeth, also known as the central incisors. To soothe any discomfort this causes your baby, try gently rubbing or massaging the gums with one of your fingers. Teething rings are helpful, too, but they should be made of firm rubber.
When these new teeth appear it’s time to start brushing! Simply brush their teeth with a soft child’s toothbrush when you first start seeing her teeth. To prevent cavities, never let your baby fall asleep with a bottle, either at nap time or at night.
Colds: Babies are especially likely to get the common cold, in part because they're often around older children. At 4 months there's normally no need to go to the doctor when your little one gets the sniffles, as is recommended with younger babies. If your baby has a cold with no complications, it should resolve within 10 to 14 days. However, if their symptoms don't improve or if they worsen, visit your GP.
Vaccinations: At 16 weeks old your baby is coming up for the third dose of the 6-in-1 vaccine (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), polio, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) and pneumococcal disease), so remember to make an appointment with your GP.
Things to think about at 4 months
Teething and breastfeeding: Nipple biting is common when babies get new teeth, but it only happens because your baby needs comfort as their gums hurt. If you’ve been struggling with breastfeeding or are finding the teething stage a hurdle to nursing, the NHS has a national breastfeeding support helpline.
Tummy time: If you haven’t started tummy time already, give it a go. It’s wonderful for your child’s physical development and will help them work out how to use their muscles properly to get them closer to the walking milestone.
5 tummy time tips
Parenting expert Fi Star-Stone says “Tummy time is important for your little ones development to strengthen muscles, improve coordination and help them to eventually crawl. You can start from birth with just two minutes a day, gradually working up to twenty minutes per day by the time they are 6 months old. It's a lovely way to bond with your baby."
Five tips Fi has for tummy time are:
• Introduce basic play by placing brightly coloured blankets or toys in-front of them to focus on and reach for
• One of the nicest ways to do tummy time is with your little one lying on top of you
• If you don't have a tummy time pillow you can use a rolled up towel or blanket to help prop your little one up in a safe position
• Never leave them unattended on their tummy and if tummy time is anywhere off the ground - ensure they are secure and can’t roll off
• Don’t worry if your little one doesn’t like tummy time at first - the more you try, the better they’ll get.