Ptyalism gravidarum: hypersalivation in pregnancy

Woman with ptyalism gravidarum spitting into a sink

by Arabella Horspool |
Published on

Pregnancy can come with a whole host of pregnancy symptoms, including ptyalism gravidarum. Here's everything you need to know about this condition.

What is ptyalism gravidarum?

Ptyalism gravidarum (also known as hypersalivation) is a condition that causes people to produce and excess of saliva during pregnancy. It tends to be more common during the first trimester and often subsides as the months progress.

Why is my mouth producing so much saliva suddenly in the morning?

Hypersalivation and pregnancy don't always go hand in hand; there are several reasons why you may be experiencing an excess of saliva. It could be caused by:
• Dehydration
Acid reflux
• Sinus congestion
• Sleeping with your mouth open

©prpicturesproduction, Getty

When does excess saliva stop in pregnancy?

It can vary depending on the individual, but generally speaking, ptyalism gravidarum tends to diminish after the first trimester (conception to 12 weeks). Some people won't experience it at all, whilst others may get it later on in their pregnancy or suffer with it throughout.

How do you get rid of ptyalism during pregnancy?

Currently, there's no hypersalivation treatment, so it's recommended to use tissues, napkins or cups to collect any dribbles. You can also try to minimise the amount of saliva your mouth is producing by:
• Staying hydrated and drinking plenty of water
• Chewing gum
• Sucking on hard-boiled sweets
• Maintaining good oral hygiene
• Avoiding spicy or sour foods

©Prostock-Studio, Getty

What medication is used for ptyalism gravidarum?

While it's not recommended to take medication for this condition, there are some ptyalism gravidarum treatments available that healthcare providers may prescribe you in severe cases. Phenothiazine and belladonna have been used to reduce saliva, but the side effects can include a dry mouth and constipation in pregnancy.

Speak to a healthcare professional if you think you have hypersalivation and you are struggling with it.

Arabella Horspool is a Commercial Content Writer for Mother&Baby at Bauer Media. She's a bookworm who enjoys cooking and spending time with her many pets.

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